Hand-Blown Italian Murano Glass GlobeHistory of Murano: The origins of glassmaking in Venice go back to the times of the Roman Empire when molded glass was used for illumination in bathhouses. By the late 1200s, the production of glass objects of the finest quality was the city's major industry as confirmed by the establishment of the Glassmakers Guild that laid out rules and regulations for the craftsmen. The purpose of the guild was the safeguard the secrets of the trade and ensure the profitability of the industry. During World War II the industry did not thrive, but as soon as the war was over the glass masters of Murano returned to their art and created pieces deeply rooted in interior design trends of the time with focus on minimalism, functionality, and simplicity. To support these trends Murano artists and artisans returned to techniques of the past such as filigree, murrain, and lattimo. From that point onwards Murano saw continued exploration of styles and techniques striving to find a happy medium between the technical mastery and the outline, color, and decoration. Glassblowing is a glass forming technique that involves inflating molten glass into a bubble (or parison), with the aid of a blowpipe (or blow tube).